Among the diseases that lead to blindness, imperceptible and often asymptomatic, one of the main ones is glaucoma.
Causes of Glaucoma
This eye disease, which can occur painlessly, is accompanied by damage to the structure of the optic nerve and retina.
The main causes of glaucoma are:
- increased intraocular pressure;
- deterioration of blood circulation in eye tissues;
- dystrophy and atrophy of the optic fibers;
- squeezing the nerve fibers of the eye in the area of their exit from the eyeball.
Symptoms of glaucoma
In many cases, the initial stage of glaucoma has no pronounced symptoms. Obvious symptoms of glaucoma usually occur when damage to the optic nerve already has irreversible effects.
The patient narrows the boundaries of the field of view, and the person does not see the full picture. With the development of the disease, sometimes the effect of tunnel vision occurs. In the field of view, when viewing objects and objects, circles, rings or glow appear.
With an acute attack of glaucoma, there is a sudden deterioration of vision, a sharp pain in the eye, which can give to the head, the appearance of colored circles and halos, if you look at the light source. Sometimes nausea and vomiting occur. An acute attack of glaucoma is a reason to immediately consult a doctor to avoid blindness.
Prevention and treatment of glaucoma
The main points in the prevention of glaucoma are prophylactic examinations at the ophthalmologist, because the disease at an early stage can progress almost asymptomatically and only a qualified diagnostician can determine the onset of glaucoma, when carrying out the necessary research. Preventive examinations are recommended to take place once a year to all people over 40 years old.
In no case should glaucoma be treated with folk remedies. Drug therapy and treatment tactics should be prescribed by a qualified specialist after a comprehensive examination. The right approach and timely treatment will help preserve vision for many years.
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